What Is DOCSIS ? Types Of DOCSIS ? How Does DOCSIS Work ?

What Is DOCSIS

Introduction

Large number of cable tv operators in United States are having HFC network to deliver their cable tv services. Now all of these cable tv operators wants to provide internet services to their customers then it will be very hard for them to shift on fiber network only. 

Because to convert the HFC Network into the fiber network is expensive and time consuming task for them. DOCSIS provides a solution to deliver internet broadband with cable tv services over the HFC Network. 

Let now discuss about what is DOCSIS , what are types of it & How Does it Work?

What Is HFC Network ?

What Is Docsis ?

DOCSIS stands for Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification. It  was developed by the Cablelabs. Cablelabs is a US company. 

DOCSIS is a solution for cable tv service providers to deliver high speed internet with CATV services with the help of CMTS and Cable Modem over HFC Network.

The DOCSIS for Europe is known as EuroDOCSIS which is advanced version of it.

What Is CMTS ?

What Is Cable Modem ?

What Are DOCSIS Versions & Improvements ?

DOCSIS Version 


Released               ImprovementsUploadDownload
DOCSIS 1.01996High Speed Internet Data10 Mbps40 Mbps
DOCSIS 1.11999Addition Of VOIP, Streaming & Gaming10 Mbps40 Mbps
DOCSIS 2.02001Upload Speed Improvement30 Mbps40 Mbps
DOCSIS 3.02006Upload Download Speed Enhancement & IPV6100 Mbps1 Gbps
DOCSIS 3.12013OFDM With Speed Enhancement 2 Gbps10 Gbps
DOCSIS 3.1 Full Duplex2017Improvements in Upload Speed10 Gbps10 Gbps

How Does DOCSIS Work ?

How Does DOCSIS Work

As shown above in the figure there are two device which plays an important role in DOCSIS architecture.

First one is CMTS and second one Cable Modem. Where CMTS needs to install inside the Headend System. Cable Modem needs to install at subscriber home.

as shown, the router’s backbone is connected to the internet. After that this router is connected to switch and then with CMTS. This switch is also connected with DHCP as shown.

The CMTS output goes into the HFC Network. Now at subscriber end we need to install a Cable Modem. This cable modem provides RF output for Set Top Box for TV services. It also have RJ-45 port for Voice and Data services.

DOCSIS is a two way communication known as Downstream & Upstream. When the data is flowing through CMTS to Cable Modem it is called Downstreming of data. While data flowing from Cable Modem to CMTS it is called Upstreaming of data

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In delivery of internet broadband the upstreaming speed is always lower than then downstreaming speed. Because users makes a request to access the data which consume less bandwidth over internet. While when user get the respond of request which contains whole request data it consume more space.

For example if you entered in browser Headendinfo.com . Then you requested to access the website. This request consume very less amount of bandwidth over internet. 

Now respond for this request contains website data (Text and images) which consume higher bandwidth than Request.

Until the  DOCSIS 3.0 the upload speed was down than the download speed. But next version of DOCSIS 3.0 known as DOCSIS Full Duplex made the upstream and downstream speed same at 10 Gbps. Which is very efficient.

DOCSIS 3.0 uses the Upstream frequency between 5 MHz to 85 MHz with 64 QAM. It uses the downstream capacity with 6 MHz & 256 QAM.

One thing keep in mind that there are different Cable Modem for each version of DOCSIS. So we should choose Cable Modem according to DOCSIS Version.

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Conclusion

DOCSIS is great solution for CATV Service Providers to provide Data and Voice services with TV Channels over exiting HFC Network. 

DOCSIS 3.0 provides low latency, enhance the security and support the Mulitcasts. It also supports IPV6. It uses the AES Encryption.

DOCSIS 3.1 Full Duplex is the latest version it was introduced in 2017.

Suggested Articles

What Is CMTS ?

What Is Cable Modem ?

What Is Wireless STB ?

reference : cablelabs

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